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Introduction to Roma in the Czech Republic

The Roma minority is one of ethnic minorities in the CR. The 2011 census registered a total of 13,150 Roma inhabitants, Roma language as their native language (or one of the native languages) stated 40,370 inhabitants. According to estimates by the ERRC from 2003 there are between 250 000 and 300 000 Roma people living in Czech Republic.

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Introduction to Roma in Bulgaria

Brief presentation of Bulgaria

 

Bulgaria is parliamentary democracy with a high degree of political, administrative, and economic centralization, where the most powerful executive position is prime minister. The population of Bulgaria according to the last census is 7 364 570 inhabitants. It is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe; a founding state of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE); and has taken a seat at the UN Security Council three times.

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Introduction to Roma in Greece

A. Brief presentation of Greece

Greece is a parliamentarian democracy and a founding member of the United Nations, a member of European Union since 1981 (and the eurozone since 2001), and is also a member of numerous international institutions, including the Council of Europe, OECD and OSCE. Greece's economy is also the largest in the Balkans. In particular, its GPD per capita (compared to the EU) amounts to 75%,1 while according to its international human development indicator (0,760) its degree of human development  is regarded as “very high”.2 According to the 2011 census, Greece's population is around 11 million.

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Introduction to Roma in Hungary

Hungary is a member of the European Union since 2004. According to a 2001 census it has a population of 9.9 million people, of which 92.3% are ethnically Hungarian, around 1.9% are Roma and the rest are other minorities such as Germans, Romanians, Greeks, etc.1  Its GDP per capita in PPS (purchasing power standards) compared to the EU28 was 87,2 and the unemployment rate was 8.9% in 2014.3 Hungary’s Human Development Index is 0/831, ranked 37th in the world.4

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Introduction to Roma in Romania

Romania has a total population of 20121641, according to the most recent census, conducted in 2011. There are 18 recognized minorities, including 6.5% Hungarians and 3.3% Roma. Romania became a member of the European Union in 2007. The GDP (Gross domestic product) per capita in PPS is 54,1 which is the second lowest in the European Union. The HDI (human development index) of Romania is 0.786.2

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Supported by EC

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.